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What Is A Spread in Forex?

To truly comprehend forex, you need to be aware of what spread is all about.

A spread is basically defined as the price difference between where a trader may obtain or sell an underlying asset.

First of all, understand that the foreign exchange market prices are characterized as currency pairs or exchange rate quotations. It is where the comparative value of one currency unit denominates in the units of another currency.

A BID is an exchange rate applied to a customer wanting to acquire a quote currency. Moreover, it is the highest price that a currency pair will be bought.

On the other side, the price of the quote currency offering is called ASK. It’s the lowest price that a currency pair will be offered for sale.

BID is always lower than ASK.

The distinction between ASK and BID is called spread. It signifies brokerage service costs and switches transaction fees.

Traditionally, Pips denote spreads. A percentage in point, indicating a fourth decimal place in currency quotation.

Types of Spreads Used in Forex Trading

  1. Fixed Spread – The difference between ASK and BID. It is constant and does not hinge on market conditions. Fixed spreads are established by exchanging companies for automatically traded accounts.
  2. Fixed Spread with An Extension – It is a certain portion of a spread is predetermined, and another part may be modified by a dealer according to the market.
  3. Variable Spread – This rise and fall in connectiospread in forex, What Is A Spread in Forex?n with market conditions. In general, the variable spread is low during periods of market inactivity (approximately 1-2 pips). On the other side, during a volatile market, it can expand to as much as 40-50 pips. This type of spread is tighter to the real market but brings greater ambiguity to trade and makes the creation of effective strategy more challenging.


Fixed Spreads in Forex

Brokers suggest that fixed spreads function as a market maker or “dealing desk” model.

By using a dealing desk, the broker acquires large positions from their liquidity provider(s).

After that, they offer these positions in smaller sizes to traders. It means that the broker acts out as the counterparty to their clients’ trades.

By having a dealing desk, this permits the forex broker to offer fixed spreads. It is for this reason that they can regulate the prices they display to their clients.

Advantages of Trading with Fixed Spreads

Fixed spreads have smaller capital constraints. Trading with fixed spreads recommends a cheaper substitute for traders who don’t have a lot of money to start trading with.

Trading with fixed spreads also requires calculating transaction costs more predictable. Since spreads never change, you’re constantly sure of what you can be expecting to pay when you open a trade.

Disadvantages of Trading with Fixed Spreads

Requotes can happen frequently. This is when trading with fixed spreads because pricing comes from just one source. It is your broker.

There will be periods when the forex market is volatile.

Prices are quickly changing. This is when the spreads are fixed, and the broker won’t be proficient at widening the spread to alter for current market conditions.


If you’re a newbie to forex, we urge you to comprehend first the basics as a beginner in forex trading.

Better have with you some trading guides which provide professional tips and insights on the market and methods to trade.

You can also check the updates on the daily market intuitions with trading tips for comprehension of what may affect the spread.

Remember to always stay up to date with the latest forex news and evaluation.

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