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Grenada Authority for the Regulation of Financial Institutions (GARFIN)

Grenada Authority for the Regulation of Financial Institutions (GARFIN) is a financial regulator operating in Grenada. Similar to other regulatory bodies, it serves a wide array of purposes aimed at improving and ensuring a fair economy. Grenada’s Parliament created the Authority via the Grenada Authority for the Regulation of Financial Institutions Act No. 5. The act came out in 2006 and came into effect a year later via SRO No. 2, establishing GARFIN as the primary regulatory institution of Grenada.

Act 5, the one that established GARFIN, quickly became obsolete as it got repealed in 2008. In its place came Act No 1, which broadened the organization’s authority and obligations. As it stands, GARFIN is the Single Regulatory Unit (SRU) as far as the financial sector in Grenada goes. Similar to other regulators, its area of control doesn’t include banking entities. The GARFIN Act specified the entity’s legal responsibilities:

  • Building Societies Act, Cap. 38
  • Friendly Societies Act, Cap. 118
  • Cooperative Societies Act, 1996 (where it relates to financial cooperatives or credit unions)
  • Insurance Act, Cap. 150 subsequently repealed and replaced with the Insurance Act, 2010
  • International Trusts Act, 1996
  • Company Management Act, 1996
  • International Betting Act, 1998
  • International Companies Act, Cap. 152
  • International Insurance Act, 1996
  • Offshore Banking Act, 2003
  • Grenada Development Bank Act, Cap. 129
  • Money Services Business Act, 2009

The previous acts were under different regulatory entities’ authorities prior to the foundation of GARFIN. The consolidation of such entities leads to a better and more stable financial sector. As for banks and securities, they’re under the watch of two different sectors. The two are the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) and the Eastern Caribbean Securities Regulatory Commission (ECSRC).

Mission & Objectives

GARFIN’s mission is slightly more set in stone than other regulators. Namely, while a lot of them have a vague statement, the Authority’s is specified in the GARFIN Act. Section 13 of the act specifies multiple objectives that the organization should help meet:

  • The maintenance of the public’s faith in the strength of Grenada’s financial system
  • The promotion of public awareness regarding the functioning of the financial system. That includes the potential risks and rewards related to various financial investments or other types of financial dealings.
  • Protecting the customers that decide to enter any sort of financial market in the following ways.
  1. Helping them understand the risk that comes with investments or other transactions
  2. Helping them understand the different levels of experience or skill different customers might have in particular financial activities.
  3. Meeting the needs investors or other financial actors might have for advice or precise information.
  4. Helping them understand that consumers maintain responsibility for their decisions.

Its goal is also to help promote the health and integrity of Grenada’s financial systems. Namely, it achieves that by regulating the non-banking entities that fall under its authority. Furthermore, it constantly supervises the activity of such entities in order to spot any wrongdoings.

As a part of GARFIN’s authority it supervises and regulates:

  • Credit unions
  • International companies
  • Insurance companies
  • Money services

From some statistics on the Authority’s official website, we can see that it helped expand the credit union, insurance, and pension sectors. Credit unions sit at $1.09 billion, with 76,000 members, the insurance sector is at $462 million, and pensions at $209 million.

With that, we can understand the role GARFIN plays in the overall financial well-being of Grenada. It’s time to move on and look at the leadership structure.

Staff & Leadership

The board of directors sits on top of the hierarchy at GARFIN. Below them is the general director who serves as the Authority’s public figure. Next in line is the Deputy management director, followed by the management team. Last in line comes the non-management staff, mostly playing the role of examiners.

A full and detailed flowchart can be found on GARFIN’s official website. It should be noted that the Authority is relatively small staff-wise, coming in at under 50 notable employees.

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