Belgium Begins Dialogues on Classification of Crypto

Belgium is conducting an open consultation. The country wants to determine whether certain crypto-assets should classify as investment instruments, securities, or financial instruments. FSMA said it wants to provide clarity while waiting for a similar European approach regarding when crypto-assets can consider investment instruments, securities, or financial instruments. Whether they may fall within the scope of prospectus legislation and/or the MiFID conduct of business rules.

Although the EU will complete a landmark regulation of crypto-asset markets in 2024. Crypto businesses need clarity on whether they fall under existing legislation. To this end, the regulator established guidelines to determine which cryptocurrencies can mark as securities or financial instruments, accordingly, which laws apply to them.

The directions add a step-by-step form for determining the analysis of crypto assets. The first step is to know whether the crypto asset is also in the instrument.

The guidelines state that crypto-assets that are not in the instrument do not qualify as securities. However, if they are in the instrument, there can be two situations. First of all, instruments can represent a share or voting rights in a project or the right to pay a certain amount of money. In such a case, the instruments are the crypto-assets. They also qualify as securities under the Prospectus Act and Financial Instruments. Prospectus law requires issuers of crypto assets to publish prospectuses to potential investors.

Belgium and Crypto

As financial instruments, assets must also comply with MiFID conduct rules. MiFID sets out administrative responsibilities for investment companies to ensure investor protection. However, if the instruments are not transferred, then the crypto assets qualify as investment instruments. Issuers must publish a prospectus per the law.

Second, instruments may represent a right to the issuer’s delivery of a product or service. In this case, if the instruments have a primary or secondary investment purpose, then they are investment instruments subject to the prospectus law. However, if the instruments do not have an investment objective, the crypto assets will be outside the scope of the prospectus law. The guidelines specify the number of aspects to be explored to determine whether the instrument has an investment objective.

Crypto-assets will consider as an investment objective if the instruments are transferred to persons other than the issuer; Also, the issuer affairs a finite number of instruments; The issuer plans to trade them in the market and has an expectation of profit; The sure funds are for the overall financing of the issuer; Also, the service or project is not still ready: the tools are to compensate the staff; The issuer organizes several rounds of sales at different prices.

The guidelines added that cryptocurrencies that do not have an issuer but are arising by computer code, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum are not subject to prospectus regulation, prospectus Law, or the MiFID Code of Conduct. The consultation is open to all stakeholders and investor representatives and will end on 31 July.


Bitcoin dropped below $20,000 twice in recent weeks, so it remains under pressure. The current crash raised many concerns about the future of Bitcoin and the cryptocurrency market in general. However, some experts believe the crypto market will bounce back from the recent crash in the next few months. Others think investors will remain cautious in the near term.

Current market conditions are a major factor influencing Bitcoin’s return to $30,000. Investor confidence ended in weeks by a series of global stock markets. Bitcoin is agonizing to grasp the $20,000 level.

The $30,000 level is key for Bitcoin to continue its uptrend. The crypto would reach above this mark in the next upcoming days or weeks for the bulls to add traction. Bitcoin was above $45,000 for a few brief stretches over the past six months. and wasn’t over $50,000 after last year. Amid ups and downs, Bitcoin’s current price is far from the recent ATH it hit in November when it set a record. However, despite the recent price decline, Bitcoin is still worth more than double what it was just two years ago. Despite the volatility and recent price drop, many experts still say that Bitcoin will break through the $30,000 mark.

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