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US Dollar Extends Loss after Fed Raises Interest Rates

The US dollar extended losses against major currencies after the Federal Reserve raised its policy interest rate. It also noted economic growth was improving, but left markets expecting only 3 rate rises this year.

The US dollar index, which measures the greenback versus a basket of 6 currencies, dropped 0.16% at $89.55. The dollar recorded its steepest 1-day fall since January 24 when it fell 1%.

The yield on 2-year US notes fell back to 0.72% at $2.299 from a 9-1/2-year high of 2.366% hit on Wednesday. The 10-year yield slid 2.08% at $2.846.

The US dollar and a declining chart
The dollar recorded its largest one-day loss in two months

The dollar slid 0.38% at 105.65 yen. The euro rose 0.08% for its biggest 1-day gain in almost 2 months at $1.2348.

The Canadian dollar and Mexican peso initially rose on reports the White House had dropped a demand related to auto exports in the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Further, the Canadian dollar slid 0.26% at C$1.29869 against the greenback. The peso gained 0.17% at 18.4698 pesos per US dollar after it touched a 6-1/2-week high at 18.4150 pesos.

The Australian dollar dropped 0.45% at $0.7731, despite rebounding from a 3-month low of $0.7672 in early trade.

Being one of the biggest producers of commodities, Australia is among the most vulnerable countries if US President Donald Trump’s protectionist policy spurs a reprisal from commodity consumer China.

The British pound rose 0.08% at $1.4153 after a report showed UK wages grew at their fastest pace in more than 2 years. It supported expectations that the Bank of England would raise interest rates as early as May.

Federal Reserve Raises Interest Rates

As expected, the Federal Open Market Committee increased the overnight funds rate to a range of 1.5% to 1.75% in its first meeting with Chairman Jerome Powell. Futures traders had seen an around 90% chance of a rate increase ahead of the meeting, according to’s Monitor tool.

However, it disappointed forex traders who had bet it was prepared to raise rates 4 times this year.

“It looks like a bit of a letdown even though the Fed’s overall outlook is hawkish because their economic outlook has strengthened,” said Minh Trang, senior foreign currency trader at Silicon Valley Bank in California. “That’s why we are seeing a bit of a disappointment on the dollar side.”

The Fed also increased its forecast for more interest rates next year and the following year. It said its long run rate would be 2.9%, up from 2.75%.

“It seemed like a hawkish hike,” said Andres Jaime, emerging markets strategist at Morgan Stanley. “But I think when you listened to Powell, he was sort of hesitating about that hawkish view. I think when you put the statement together with his Q and A, it was less hawkish.”

Interest rates futures implied traders priced in the next rate hike at the Fed’s June 12-13 policy meeting, followed by another rate increase in December, CME Group’s FedWatch program revealed.

In his 1st congressional testimony as Fed chairman, Powell said the economy had been stronger this year than he expected in December. He promised to forge ahead with gradual rate increased to avoid an “overheated economy.”

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