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Essential aspects of Personal Finance

Personal finance is all about managing and planning personal financial activities such as spending, income formation, saving, funding, and stability. The summary of the process of managing personal finances can be a financial plan or budget. This example will analyze and explain the most basic and essential aspects of personal financial management.

Fields of Personal Finance

In this example, our primary focus will be on breaking down the most critical personal finance fields and examining each of them in a more detailed way. 

As explained below, the main fields of personal finance include income, saving, spending, funding, and protection. We will analyze and explain each of these areas in a more detailed way below.

1. Income

Income belongs to the origin of cash inflow that a person gets and then uses to support their family and needs. It is the opening point for the financial planning process.

Familiar sources of income are:

  • Salaries
  • Bonuses
  • Hourly wages
  • Pensions
  • Dividends

These sources of revenue all create cash that a person can use to spend, collect, or fund. In this sense, income is the first step in our finance roadmap.


2 Spending

Spending covers all kinds of expenses a person acquires related to purchasing goods or anything consumable. All spending appear in two categories: credit (paid for by borrowing the money from the bank) and cash (paid for with actual money on hand). The majority of people use their income for spending.

Familiar sources of spending are:

  • Rent
  • Mortgage payments
  • Taxes
  • Food
  • Entertainment
  • Travel
  • Credit card payments

 The obligations listed above all decrease the amount of cash a person has available for storing and funding. If payments are more significant than income, the person has a deficit. Operating costs are as important as generating revenue, and people have more power over their optional expenses than their income. Good spending habits are important for sound personal finance management.

3 Saving

Saving applies to cash that a person holds for future funding or spending. If a surplus exists between income and spending, it can direct the difference towards investments or savings. Managing profits is a crucial area of personal finance.

Typical forms of savings include:

  • Actual cash
  • Savings bank account
  • Checking bank account
  • Money market securities


Most people keep some savings to regulate their cash flow. They also try to keep an eye on the short-term contrast between their income and expenses. However, having too many savings can be inadequate and useless, as it earns almost nothing in return compared to investments.


4 Investing

Investing relates to the buying of assets expected to produce a rate of return, believing that the person will get back more money than they invested over time. Investing contains risks, and not every asset ends up creating a positive rate of return. This is the point where we can see the connection between risk and return.

Typical forms of investing include:

  • Stocks
  • Bonds
  • Mutual funds
  • Real estate
  • Private companies
  • Commodities
  • Art

 Investing is the most complex field in personal finance. It is one of the fields where people need to get the professional advice. There are considerable differences in risk and prize between various investments, and most people try to get help with this field of their financial plan.


5 Protection

Personal security applies to a broad range of products used to guard against sudden and adverse events.

Standard protection products include:

  • Life insurance
  • Health insurance
  • Estate planning

 Protection is another field of personal finance where people ask for professional advice, which can turn out to be quite complicated. It acquires a whole series of analyses to assess an individual’s estate planning needs and insurance properly.


The Personal Finance Planning Process

Solid financial management comes with a solid plan and attaching to it. All of the above fields of personal finance can be a part of an allowance or a formal financial plan.

Personal bankers and investment advisors work with their customers to understand their requirements and intentions, develop a proper course of action, and prepare these plans.

Generally speaking, the main elements of the financial planning process are:

  • Assessment
  • Goals
  • Plan development
  • Execution
  • Reassessment
  • Monitoring


Example: Personal Finance Budget

Preparing an allowance or a financial plan is important for achieving your personal and family goals and intentions. Below is an example of a monthly budget to manage your expenses, income, savings, and investments.

Personal Finance Career

There is a broad range of jobs that relate to personal financial management and information. If you find out that you seem passionate about any of the subjects mentioned in this example, you can consider a career in the industry.

Some of the most popular careers include:

  • Personal banker
  • Wealth manager
  • Investment advisor
  • Insurance advisor
  • Tax advisor
  • Estate planner
  • Financial planner
  • Mortgage broker

 Thank you for reading this personal finance guide. We hope it helps you realize the idea of personal finance, why it’s essential, and how to practice it in real life.


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