Different Types of Investment Banks – What You Need To Know

Key Takeaways

  • Investment banks offer a wide range of financial services, including wealth management, advisory services, and trading, catering to corporate and institutional clients.
  • Investment banks come in various sizes, from bulge bracket giants to boutique firms, each with its specialties and areas of expertise.
  • Success in the field of investment banking hinges on staying updated with industry trends, building strong client relationships, and honing communication and negotiation skills for high-stakes financial transactions.


Have you ever thought about all the different types of investment banks that operate in the world of wealth management right now?

Why is it crucial, in the world of corporate finance and business, to know what the top investment banks that you are able to deal with are when it comes to wealth management? And, ultimately, what are their biggest benefits in the realm of wealth management?

If you’re eager to work with one wealth management investment bank, there are many types of investment banking services worldwide.

What do investment bankers provide?

Investment bankers provide investors with wealth management services, asset management, complex financial transactions, and services, including capital creation for corporations, organizations, and governments.

These banks specialize in wealth management to help individuals and entities grow and preserve their financial assets.

What do you need to know about investment banking in relation to wealth management and capital markets? Let’s get to know more about these investment banks that excel in wealth management, shall we?

What are Investment Banks all about?

Investment banks are places where financial services are being produced for either corporate or institutional clients. These services include investing, raising capital, and ordering acquisitions and mergers.

As an activity, investment banking includes particular activities regarding financial services company or corporation that includes advisory-established financial transactions instead of:

  • Governments
  • Corporations
  • Individuals.

Four banking divisions

There are four banking divisions as part of an investment bank’s front office:

  1. Investment Banking or Corporate Finance (IBD)
  2. Sales and Trading (S&T)
  3. Equity Research (ER)
  4. Asset Management (AM)

What key activities do banks like Credit Suisse undertake in wealth management and advisory services?

The primary exercises being practiced by institutions such as Credit Suisse involve underwriting debt financing and equity securities issuance. Credit Suisse, a renowned player in the world of wealth management and financial advisory services, excels in these areas.

They actively engage in initial public offerings (IPOs) and provide expert advice on mergers and acquisitions (M&As) for companies.

In addition to these key functions, financial institutions like Credit Suisse also offer a range of advisory services.

How do they advise clients?

They advise clients on financial strategies. This includes selling securities, placing stocks, and managing investments and trades. They primarily work with companies and governments.

Credit Suisse can help with corporate restructuring, like divestitures, as your trusted planners, advisors, and managers.

Their knowledge in advising clients on finances and managing wealth is a valuable asset for those seeking guidance.

How does an Investment Bank work?

It’s essential to grasp that the advisory division of a particular bank is compensated with a fixed wage for its services, while the department responsible for trading operations earns commissions based on its market performance.

Many banks make money by giving loans to people and businesses through their retail banking division.

Individuals within the finance sector have diverse career options, including roles like financial advisor, trader, or salesperson. While these professions often come with attractive compensation, they typically entail long hours and handling substantial stress.

Risk management – explained

Risk management is a fundamental aspect of these financial roles, as professionals must assess and mitigate potential financial risks for their clients, which may include pension funds and institutional investors seeking to safeguard their investments and assets.

What are the main sections of investment banks?

The section in these types of banks usually includes industry coverage and financial product groups. Ideally, industry coverage is established to separate groups in the bank.

It includes expertise in the specific industry or market sector (technology or health care). The groups then develop client relationships with companies in different industries bringing financing services.

Their product group focuses on investment banking financial products, for instance, IPOs, M&As, and other financing types. There could also be separate products specializing in asset, leasing, leveraged, and public financing.

Three different categories of investment banking

There are three types of firms in this industry: big banks, small banks, and medium-sized players. When it comes to boutique banks can be segmented into regional boutiques and high-end boutique banks.

Elite boutique banks somehow have similarities with bulge bracket banks than the regional boutiques. Investment banks are categorized based on their size. This can refer to the bank’s size, number of employees, or average size of M&A deals.

Regional boutique

In terms of the firm’s size and typical deal size, the smallest banks are among the others. Regional boutiques often handle only a handful of up to a dozen employees.

This type of investment bank doesn’t usually offer all the financial services that bulge bracket investment banks offer. It mainly specializes in a single area, for instance, hanging M&As in a specific market sector.

Elite boutique

Unlike regional boutique financial institutions, elite boutique investment banks are nearly similar to bulge bracket banks regarding the dollar value and the deals they manage (often over $1 billion).

Its similarity with bulge bracket banks includes having a common size nationwide and in the international presence and operating dozens of offices within multiple countries.

But they often lack a global presence similar to major investment banks such as JP Morgan Chase & Company.


Middle-market investment banks occupy the middle ground between smaller regional banks and bulge bracket investment banks.

This kind of financial institution often works on deals beginning around the regional level and going close to the bulge bracket level, which usually ranges from about $50 million to $500 million (or more).

Middle-market operates in the middle (geographically), bigger than regional boutiques but smaller than bulge bracket banks in the multinational field.

What are Bulge bracket banks?

The major and international investment banking firms are easily recognizable names, including Goldman Sachs, Deutsche Bank, Morgan Stanley, and Bank of America. Bulge bracket investment banks are the largest regarding the number of offices and employees.

Additionally, they handle the largest deals and clients who we could consider large corporations. Bulge bracket banks usually handle multi billion-dollar M&A deals, yet they still depend on the overall state of the economy or of the particular client.

These firms usually handle deals priced in the low hundred million.


Investment banking is extremely popular in this field since it has many benefits to offer its clients.

To succeed in investment banking, you need to stay updated on industry rules and trends. It is also important to build strong connections with clients and coworkers. It is equally essential to enhance skills to remain competitive and deliver quality service continually.

Excellent communication and negotiation skills are also critical, as investment banking professionals often work on high-profile deals with significant financial implications.

Being able to communicate effectively and negotiate skillfully can make a significant difference in the success of such transactions.

Thus, continuous learning, networking, and skill-building are essential to achieving success in the competitive world of investment banking.



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